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There are different ways of propagating spider plants. One can use the baby spider plant from the older spider plant and transfer it to a different pot as one of the methods and some other ways to propagate the spider plant. Most people propagate the spider plants to give space for the root that expands more in the pot or sometimes for reproduction purposes when the farmer wants more of the spider plants in the house.
To propagate the spider plant, you have to use a sharp object to separate the mother spider plant from the baby spider plant and a different pot to place the baby spider plant. Ensure the pot has good conditions that fit the spider plant for it to thrive well and produce seeds for propagation.
The article below shows the different ways of propagating, from seeds to the separation of the baby spider plant from the mother plant with their steps that guide. Following the steps help to successfully propagate the spider plant to be still healthy and grow well.
How to propagate spider plants?
Before propagating the spider plant, it is good to know the time for propagation as it requires a specific time to propagate to avoid harming the spider plant. It is advisable to propagate the spider plant during some seasons of the year, mainly during the spring and summer seasons, since during these seasons, the spider plants grow very fast, unlike in the winter seasons. In most cases, the spider plants make more baby spider plants in the summer seasons since in the summer seasons. The spider plants grow well due to the availability of water.
Propagation of the spider plants occurs from the spider pups that are the young spider buds surrounding the foliage. The young spider plants for propagation are delicate and need intense care since they require medium light levels to grow well. Making the new pot for the propagation of the spider plant has favorable conditions and provides strong support to the spider plant, and it will grow well.
After knowing the time and conditions of propagating, the farmer must have all the tools required for the propagation process. The tools include;
- A pair of scissors
- Alcohol for disinfection
- Cotton wool
- Paper clips
- Fresh farm soil
- New pots for propagation
- Compost manure is fertilizer
After collecting all the tools above, you can now go on with the propagation process. The alcohol disinfectant helps reduce the chances of transferring diseases from the mother spider plant to the baby spider plant through sharp objects like scissors where you apply the alcohol to the cotton wool then rub the scissors.
Ways of propagating the spider plant
There are three ways of propagating the spider plant. These ways include;
- Propagation by water
- Propagation by soil
- Propagation without fixing
1. Propagation by water
Producing baby spider plants is through the stem of the mother spider plant that elongates to form the pups. The pups facilitate the process of propagation since they are stems that grow from all over the plant. The production of more pups shows the spider plants produce more babies for the farmer.
Steps of propagating the spider plant in water:
i. Disinfecting the tools
Before starting the propagation process, it is important to disinfect the scissors for separating the baby plant from the mother plant. Disinfecting the tools helps in reducing the infections from the mother plant from transmitting to the baby plant during the propagation process.
ii. Locate the baby spider plants
The farmer has to check the whole spider plant to locate the buds on the stems of the spider plant. After locating the baby spider plant, ensure it has roots that will enhance further growth of the spider plant. Since some spider plants fail to grow to an adult, you have to pick them all for the propagation process.
iii. Chop the baby spider plants
Using a pair of scissors, chop the spider plant pieces from their mother for the propagation process. Gently cut to avoid cutting the roots or rather the stem since the baby spider plants are very delicate, and in case you cut some of its parts, it will fail to grow.
iv. Keep the baby spider plant in water
Since propagation is in water, you place the baby spider plant in water to rot the pups in the plant. The water you place the spider plant in must be clean and free from chemicals to avoid burning the baby spider plant’s stem.
2. Propagating in soil
Propagating the spider plant in soil depends on whether you will do it directly or propagate through water first, then move on to the soil.
Steps of propagating in soil:
Using the process of propagating in water, do the same in this process by first disinfecting the scissors to trim the baby spider plant.
i. Get a different pot
After separating the baby spider plant from the mother spider plant, get a different pot with fresh farm soil and place the spider plant to grow. Add compost manure to the soil in the post to provide nitrogen and potassium to boost the plant’s health.
ii. Water the spider plant
After placing the spider plant in the pot, consider adding water to the soil regularly to provide moisture for the proper growth of the plant. Ensure the pot allows water to drain easily through the soil in it.
iii. Move the spider plant to light
Spider plants need water for proper growth and development since they make their food. After providing the plant with enough light, you can either add some more nutrients and proper conditions for its growth.
3. Propagate spider plant without fixing
Most people use this method because they lack enough pots to place the baby spider plant after propagation.
Steps of propagation without fixing:
i. Get two new pots
Propagation without fixing is quite cheap and easy as it requires a small number of pots for use. In this step, you have to get two pots with soil rich in all the nutrients the spider plants need for growth.
ii. Cut the stems of the spider plant
Cut the stems of the spider plant and ensure the pots are close to each other, and make sure the stems pass through the soil as it moves to the next pot. For proper contact of the plant with the soil, you can use paper clips to make the spider plant start producing roots faster.
iii. Watering the spider plants
After putting the spider plant in the soil, ensure you add water to the plant to grow the plant’s roots faster. After the development of the roots, you can unfix the cups from the plant.
Frequently asked questions:
- What is the maximum time it takes to propagate the spider plant?
After planting the spider plant, give it some days to grow the roots and be stable in the soil to grow baby spider plants on its stems. The whole process takes almost two weeks to grow the baby spider plants. After growing the baby spider, you can now propagate the plant. However, propagation does not necessarily mean you can report the spider plant.
You can also get more in-depth ideas on the below video by the University of Illinois Extension.
Propagating the spider plant differs according to the farmer’s preference. They choose to either propagate in soil or water so long as the process is successful. The article above shows the propagation steps in the different methods.
Therefore follow the article carefully to propagate without forgetting to disinfect the scissors to avoid transfer of diseases which can make the spider plant die.