How to keep houseplants healthy

How to Keep Houseplants Healthy- Ultimate Guide with Practical Tips

Houseplants are great for your home, but some of them require a lot of maintenance. They need to be watered regularly, provided with the adequate light amount, and be placed in pots with a good drainage system. Let’s not forget to mention the issue of bugs like aphids which attack healthy plants in your home.

But with these tips on how to keep houseplants healthy, you’ll never have to worry about them again!

Match Plants with Light Conditions

First, match different plants with specific light conditions. How much sun a plant needs depends on one species to another.

If you have a bright spot in your house and want to grow a jungalow palm (a plant that loves the bright!) place it there. This cutie doesn’t mind being placed in direct sunlight, but be careful not to burn it.

On the other hand, if you don’t have much light, your ferns will be happy living in a more shaded area of the room. Some potted plants enjoy full sun, while others are tolerant to shady locations and indirect sunlight.

Each plant has specific light requirements

Make Wise Watering Schedule

You’ll need to water most houseplants every week. Sometimes watering will be done more frequent than once a week, especially if it’s been really hot for a while! The best time is usually in the morning or evening when it’s cooler so they can more easily absorb the liquid and not get too wet.

Watering from the top can be a good way to make sure you do not overwater your plants. Pour liters of warm water (but not too hot) at the very top and make a small hole in the soil for it to drain through and let the excess water through the bottom of the pot.

Water your indoor plants wisely

Never let your houseplant dry out completely, but don’t over-water them either. If you’re not sure if the plant needs water, stick your finger in the soil. In case you feel moisture then skip it; in case there’s no moisture there, then go ahead and pour some liquid- plants will appreciate it!

Related: Should You Water Indoor Plants at Night?

Check a Plant for Pests

There are lots of bugs that like to eat plants. If you think your plant might have them, check if leaves are being eaten or if there are little holes in the leaves. You can also use a magnifying glass to get a better look at what’s going on!

Check plants for pests and bugs

Get rid of bugs

Bugs like aphids can be a real nuisance to your potted plants. You should remove any dying leaves or stems that might be attracting the ants.

Check your plants regularly for bugs, and use an organic pesticide to get rid of them (and any eggs they might be hiding!).

If you need to use pesticides, spray it on the leaves rather than putting it directly onto the soil’s surface so that less is absorbed by your plant.

Also, if your one plant is heavily infested, isolate it from other plants. The last thing you want is to deal with many plants which are affected by nasty bugs.

Related: Tiny White Bugs in Houseplant Soil

Choose the Right Container

Make sure your container is the right size for your houseplant. If they have a lot of roots, they’ll need a big pot so that they can stay in it for several years without needing a new one!

If you’re going to repot them, do it when the plant isn’t flowering so they have time to recover from being moved before it starts producing flowers.

Also, choose a container that isn’t too heavy to move around. You don’t want it falling off the table!

Finally, make sure you have drainage holes in your container so that water can drain out. Without them, all of the liquid will be absorbed by the soil instead and cause root rot.

Choose the right size pots for indoor plants

Use Quality Potting Soil

When you’re thinking about what potting soil to use, it’s important to remember that not all soils are created equally. You can buy soils that have fertilizers built into them, which might be good if you don’t have the time or desire to mix your own. But there are also disadvantages to this.

If the soil has fertilizers put in already, it removes some of the work for you but can actually lead to having too much fertilizer in places where it’s not needed.

Use quality soil for your indoor plants

After a few weeks, you may notice the leaves turning yellow, which may be one of the signs that the soil is already crowded with food.

The best thing to do is start with good-quality garden soil for your potted plants, and then add organic fertilizers like composted cow manure if necessary. Keep an eye on how well they’re doing and decide based on that.

Related: Can You Reuse Potting Soil?

Keep Optimal Humidity Levels

Good humidity is key to keeping potted plants healthy. The best way to make sure they are getting enough humidity is by using a humidifier in your house. Humidifiers will help plants store water better, which is important because plants lose moisture through their leaves.

Humidity also helps to moisturize air around the plant, which will protect it from drying out or becoming too hot. Because humidity can’t be seen, it’s not always easy to tell if your plant needs more of it! If your plant isn’t doing well and you’re not sure what the problem might be, try checking the humidity levels near the plant and increasing them if necessary.

Group plants for higher humidity levels

Clean the Plants

It’s important to keep your plants clean! Dirt can collect on leaves and block light, which can make the plant pale. Make sure you wipe any dust off with a damp cloth or take advantage of rain showers by setting your house plants outside for a couple of hours to wash them down!

Be aware that some plants might react badly to having their leaves washed with water, so be careful when you’re doing this!

Related: How to Clean Houseplants?

Mist Your Potted Houseplants

Misting plants with a spray bottle is also good for keeping them hydrated. Use distilled water or rainwater so there won’t be any chemicals in the water that might damage your plants.

Make sure you use room temperature water, make sure the bottle is clean, and mist them every 1 or 2 days.

Mist your indoor plants occasionally

Re-Potting a Plant in a New Pot

Re-potting most plants are like giving them a bit of a makeover. When they’re getting too big for their container, you can re-pot your plants into something bigger to give them more room to grow!

You’ll also need to check if the roots are coming out of the drainage holes at this point. If they are, you might want to take some of the soil away so that they’re not sitting in wet soil, which can cause root rot.

If you need to remove a lot of the old potting mix, put it into a bag and set it aside for your garden.

Repot plants

Overpotting Plants

Overpotting is something that people do by accident pretty often. It’s when you give a plant too big of a pot to grow in, which can stop the air from getting through to them so they don’t get enough oxygen.

If your plant isn’t doing well, take it out of its pot and look at the roots. Can you see lots of roots coming out? If so, you’ve probably given it a pot that’s too big and you should transplant it into something smaller.

If the roots aren’t coming out, that means they’re not getting enough water or nutrients, so you’ll need to up your watering routine.

Don’t over-water plants to compensate for being in a pot that’s too big-that can actually cause root rot!

Related: Plant Repotting Guide with Pictures

Propagate Houseplants When Needed

If your houseplant is looking a bit worse for wear, you can propagate it into a new plant. You’ll need to cut off some of the branches or leaves from the bottom of the plant and then let them dry out until they’re completely dead.

Propagate your indoor plants

Once this happens, put some potting mix into a container, stick the dead pieces into the potting mix, and then cover them with more potting mix. There might be some roots that grow out of the dead pieces too.

Let it sit for a few days or weeks (however long your plant needs to start growing new roots) and then transplant them into their own pots when you notice little roots poking through.

Related: 35+ Indoor Plant Propagation Hacks

Prune Your Potted Plant

Pruning is important for keeping your plants happy and good-looking. When winter comes and the plant is dormant, it’s a good time to prune the dead pieces away so that you don’t have any branches sticking out of the pot.

Pruning will help your plants grow more because it will provide light, water, and nutrients to what’s left on the plant. It also means you can clean up any dead pieces that might be hanging down and collecting dust or dirt.

If your plant still looks sickly after pruning, it may be time to re-pot the whole thing.

Prune your indoor plants

Deadhead Flowers and Remove Dying Leaves

Deadheading is when you cut off dead flowers to promote new growth. This helps your plants stay healthy, look good, and produce more flowers! Therefore, remove any dying or yellow leaves so that the leaves don’t attract pests or diseases.

Deadheading can be done year-round, but it’s best to do it in early spring before the plant starts growing again. You can also do it in late fall after all of the flowers have started wilting away.

Deadhead flowers from houseplants

Let’s Answer Common Doubts

Why are my indoor plants dying?

Indoor plants can start getting pale and wilting when they aren’t getting enough nutrients. This might be because you’re not fertilizing them, the soil has run out of nutrients, or your indoor plant needs to be re-potted into a bigger container.

This is why it’s important to check whether or not any new plants you buy have roots coming out of the drainage holes because it could be a sign that they need to be re-potted.

Also, check if you’re over-watering your plants and only water them when necessary! If you need to take some soil out so that there aren’t any roots sticking out, go ahead and do that. You can always add more potting mix later!

Why are my indoor plants dying?

Another reason why your indoor plants could be dying is if they aren’t getting enough light. This can make them pale and stop new leaves from growing, which will eventually lead to the plant’s death.

Make sure you put some houseplants near a bright window or on a shelf that gets bright light, but make sure the windows are clean so there’s no dirt or debris to block their light.

How do I keep my plant’s leaves green?

  • Make sure the plant has enough water
  • Remove the leaf from the pot if roots are coming out of holes at the bottom
  • Use a tray to catch overflow from watering plants
  • Don’t over-water
  • Use room temperature water for misting plants
  • Keep leaves dust-free by wiping with a damp, clean cloth or by putting outside in the rain every once in a while to keep a plant healthy and clean
  • Leave established plants outside during periods of rainfall- it has many benefits, but be careful that the location they are placed to is not too windy
  • Transplant if necessary into a smaller pot that has drainage holes; only use good potting soil to ensure that there are nutrients for the plant to survive
  • Beware of overpotting plants
  • Don’t use tap water – it has chemicals in it that can damage your plants!
  • Choose distilled or rainwater instead. Make sure you’ve got a clean container so there aren’t any chemicals or bacteria growing in it.
  • If using tap water, check the pH level so you don’t give your plants too much of an acidic or alkaline diet; leave it overnight in a water bottle and use it tomorrow

Related: How to Keep Houseplants Leaves Clean?

What nutrient makes plants green?

Potassium is one of the more important nutrients for plant growth. It’s found in the soil and helps the plant to grow strong. Potassium is an essential nutrient that can’t be produced by plants, so it needs to be added to the soil.

Magnesium is another important nutrient. It provides general plant growth and also increases chlorophyll production (flavors) on the plant leaves. Magnesium helps make photosynthesis better too.

Some say coffee grounds are excellent for plants, the others disagree.

How to make leaves on plants greener?

Final Thoughts on How to Keep Houseplants Healthy

Now that you know these tips to keep houseplants alive, do your best to provide the best plant care there is. Don’t let occasional fails discourage you, gardening is a learning process. Some people are naturally talented and have a green thumb, the others need to learn more to be sure exactly what makes the plants thriving. I say- be optimistic and keep trying.

Different plant species have different light requirements- some need more light, the others don’t mind being placed in low light. Some species need low humidity, the others prefer higher levels.

Pay attention to every single plant care segment, don’t hesitate to seek expert advice and you will eventually learn what plant prefers and how to provide it the fastest way possible!